Things to consider in choosing the best plants for your aquaponics system.
Almost all plants can be grown in an aquaponic system. However, different plants have different needs and thrive under different conditions. Before you start choosing which plants to grow in your aquaponics system, it is important to consider these things:
- What type of system you are going to use.
This could be a media-based, NFT, raft aquaponics system. These will determine the type of root structure that plants tend to have. Plants with no root structure will grow well in floating rafts, while root vegetables grow well in grow beds.
- Consider the need of your plants.
As a rule of thumb, the more similar your plant’s needs to the needs of the fish in your system, the better they will grow. Select plants and fish that have similar needs as far as temperature and pH level are concerned because the closer they match, the more success you will have.
The amount of sunlight, temperature, and rain are all important in growing a healthy plant. If you decide to grow outdoors, choose a variety of vegetables that will grow best in your climate.
You could always use a greenhouse or grow indoors, but you need to find plants that do well inside with limited or artificial sunlight. It is best to choose a plant that thrives in your climate, as this will also lower the electricity cost in maintaining your system.
This refers to the amount of space available in your system. Some plants require more space than others. So carefully consider the height and width needed for the plants to grow, and how many plants could fit in your system.
- The number of fish It is important to consider the fish to plant ratio in your system. If you plan on growing much fish, you will need more plants to absorb all the nutrients from the fish waste.
- What you want to grow
Aquaponics gardening tends to go better when you are growing plants that you want to eat or use. Thinking about what you want to achieve in your system will help you make a better decision on what plant to grow in your aquaponics system.
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